Epilan Tablet alternatively known as phenobarbitone or phenobarbital, it is used in treatment of all types of seizures barring absence seizures. It can also help to treat epilepsy, insomnia and the uncomfortable symptoms of drug withdrawal.
Epilan Tablet works by affecting GABA receptors. The drug facilitates the production of GABA (Gamma Amino Butryic Acid) an amino acid that helps in reducing excitability of neurons. Potential for drug dependency exists, abrupt cessation may precipitate withdrawal, including status epilepticus in epileptic patients.
The drug is contraindicated in patients who have suffered or are suffering from porphyria, hypersensitivity or allergy to barbiturates, respiratory insufficiency, hyperkinesia, liver cell deterioration and other liver problems. It has also been known to cause complications when used with drugs like aceprometazine, adipilon, etc.
Usage of Epilan Tablet can lead to temporary and common side effects like drowsiness, excitation, irritability, loss of balance or coordination, headache, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, constipation, etc. depending on the person’s health condition and medical history more severe side effects requiring medical assistance like insomnia, Hypoventilation, apnea, hypotension, syncope can also occur. Therefore, it is very essential to consult a doctor prior to the usage of the drug regarding the dosage to avoid any unwanted and severe side effects.
Symptoms of overdose include unsteady gait, slurred speech, confusion, jaundice, hypothermia, hypotension, respiratory depression, coma. If hypotension occurs, administer I.V. fluids and place the patient in the Trendelenburg position. If unresponsive, an I.V. vasopressor (eg, dopamine, epinephrine) may be required.
Repeated oral doses of activated charcoal significantly reduce the half-life of phenobarbital resulting from an enhancement of nonrenal elimination. The usual dose is 0.1-1 g/kg every 4-6 hours for 3-4 days unless the patient has no bowel movement causing the charcoal to remain in the GI tract.
Assure adequate hydration and renal function. Urinary alkalinization with I.V. sodium bicarbonate also helps to enhance elimination. Hemodialysis or hemoperfusion is of uncertain value. Patients in stage IV coma due to high serum barbiturate levels may require charcoal hemoperfusion.
Information given here is based on the salt content of the medicine. Uses and effects of the medicine may vary from person to person. It is advisable to consult a Psychiatrist before using this medicine.
The medicine is useful against the following conditions:
Following are some of the common side effects that may occur:
Are there any missed dose instructions?
If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
Are there any overdose instructions?
Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.