SIDE EFFECTS OF ZOREM HT 2.5 TABLET
Pancreatitis, jaundice, diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, cramps, constipation, gastric irritation, anorexia, aplastic anaemia, agranulocytosis, leukopaenia, haemolytic anaemia, thrombocytopaenia, vasculitis, resp distress, including pneumonitis and pulmonary oedema, photosensitivity, fever, urticaria, rash, hyperglycaemia, glycosuria, hyperuricaemia, muscle spasm, vertigo, paraesthesias, dizziness, headache, restlessness, renal failure, renal dysfunction, interstitial nephritis, erythema multiforme including Stevens-Johnson syndrome, exfoliative dermatitis including toxic epidermal necrolysis, alopoecia, transient blurred vision, xanthopsia, impotence, dizziness, fatigue, headache, abdominal pain, cough, rarely symptomatic hypotension, angioneurotic oedema of face, lips, tongue, glottis and larynx, syncope, renal impairment, hypersensitivity reactions. Potentially Fatal: Anaphylactic reactions, electrolyte imbalance, hypotension.
DRUG INTERACTIONS OF ZOREM HT 2.5 TABLET 10S:
Hydrochlorthiazide in combination with alcohol, barbiturates, or narcotics potentiates orthostatic hypotension. When coadministered with other antihypertensive gives additive effect. Absorption is reduced with cholestyramine and colestipol resins. Hypokalemia is observed with corticosteroids, tubocurarine responsiveness to the muscle relaxant is increased. It decreases the renal clearance of lithium and increases the risk of lithium toxicity. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents can reduce the diuretic and natriuretic effect of hydrochlorthiazide. Ramipril with potassium-sparing diuretics results in severe hyperkaelemia. May increase serum lithium concentration, NSAIDs may reduce the effect of the drug and cause deterioration of renal function.
CONTRAINDICATIONS OF ZOREM HT 2.5 TABLET 10S:
Anuria, hypersensitivity, history of angioedema, bilateral renal artery stenosis, unilateral renal artery stenosis
MECHANISM OF ACTION OF ZOREM HT 2.5 TABLET 10S:
Ramipril is a long-acting ACE inhibitor which is metabolised into the active metabolite ramiprilat. Supine and standing blood pressures (BP) are reduced witho reflex tachycardia. Ventricular hypertrophy is reversed and renal blood flow increased. In CHF (CHF), pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure are reduced. Cardiac function is improved. Hydrochlorothiazide is a thiazide diuretic. It increases excretion of Na and chloride in approx equiv amounts. Natriuresis may be accompanied by some loss of K and bicarbonate. The rationale behind this combination is that these have a synergistic effect in lowering BP and offer an advantage of once-daily dosing convenience.